Organic matter used as an energy source produced by nature, either naturally (e.g. spontaneous) or artificially, usually by crops.

Cattle grid:
Rectangular or square metal infrastructure to be installed on forest roads or tracks, where a series of steel pipes or girders are arranged perpendicularly to the axis of the road at a certain distance from each other on a previously excavated trench preventing in this way the transit of fauna and domestic livestock, while allowing for the passage of people and all types of vehicles.

Silvicultural treatment consisting in partially or completely reducing the presence of accessory mountain vegetation, meaning that which is not part of the species to be harvested, according to management criteria.

Treatment to reduce the presence of shrubs and bushes of a forest. It can be selective or total, manual, mechanical or chemical.

Corral entrance:
Livestock infrastructure as a funnel leading to a narrow corridor in which it is possible to individually separate and immobilize animals by lots for different treatments.

Operation of cutting down trees.

Ecological window:
Opening in the bottom of a hunting mesh, usually in the form of a rectangle, which is aimed at enabling the permeability of non-hunting fauna. The separation measures depend on each regional regulation.

Boundary fencing with hunting mesh of a food supply point (natural or artificial) of a state through which a variable number of individuals of big game species are captured. They contain a management tool that considerably increases the efficiency measures of population management (quality control of trophies, sex-ratio control, vaccinations, deworming, etc.).

Natural or artificially open discontinuity in the forest fuel, used as a support line to stop or control the spread of fire.

Forestry work:
Any type of work that aims at both the creation of infrastructure for the management of a forest, such as fire prevention and improvement of mass quality. Manning cutting, firewalls, auxiliary belts, tracks, ponds etc. – and any silvicultural treatment.

Related to hunting.

Hunting action:
The hunting act in all its forms and variants has to be carried out as it is referred to in the Hunting Technical Plan or the Hunting Preservation Management Project and the order of the corresponding closed season.

Hunting enclosure:
Mesh at least two meters high fixed on the field by iron or wooden poles and with various anchoring possibilities, which is designed to prevent the transit of big game species beyond the edge or border of a given territory, in order to optimize the management measures and improve the population of these species.

Livestock enclosure:
Mesh 1.5 m high fixed on the field by iron or wooden poles that, arranged according to certain criteria, allows for rational and orderly management of the livestock and adequate use of the resources of any given territory, mainly regarding herbaceous and woody grasses.

Plant tree or shrub belonging to the Quercus family. In the Iberian Peninsula, the cork tree, muricated oak, the Turkey oak, white oak, the Downy oak, sessile oak and the scarlet-oak.

Photograph obtained by orthogonal projection (perpendicularly to the surface to represent) in order to eliminate the effects of perspective, so allowing for accurate measurements according to a certain scale, as a mapping plan.

Acronym for Common Agricultural Policy. A series of the European Union provisions designed to ensure stateers’ income and food supply to consumers.

Place regeneration:
Forest area of variable size for the regeneration of the forest in the absence of artificial methods, e.g. by number and spontaneous distribution.

Project management:
Technical document that aims at achieving the continuity of the management policy and in which basic operations are prescribed and regulated to be conducted on land for a period of years. Examples: Hunting Management Project (Hunting Technical Plan), Forestry Management Project.

Silvicultural treatment removing both living and dead branches of a tree, and through which form and production are regulated with different objectives.

Creating a new forest stand on a surface that could or could not have been previously covered by forest until it is considered implemented. Without: Reforestation, Forestation.

Rural state:
Territory of variable surface and with the possibility of various uses, whether agriculture, forestry, hunting, livestock, and leisure and recreation that belongs to an owner, a public or private person or entity.

Silvicultural treatment:
An intervention a forest is subject to in order to better fulfill the objectives, ensuring improvement and regeneration.

Stool cleaning:
Silvicultural treatment through which certain stems or buds of the same stump or root are removed in order to improve the vigor, production, longevity and plant health of the remaining stems or buds. Usually, this technique is used to promote the transition of a scrub (formed by trees from the same stump) to high forest (trees from seed).

Silvicultural treatment of cutting off a certain percentage of adult trees of an adult mountain in order to improve the stability and quality of the forest, favoring the growth of the remaining trees and obtaining timber products.

Silvicultural treatment of cutting off a certain percentage of trees of a young mountain with the aim of improving the stability of the forest, thus controlling the composition of the tree species and favoring the growth of remaining trees, not obtaining timber products.

Water point:
Place of water supply for fauna, in general, and which can have different degrees of artificiality, which can vary from a mobile watering place for cattle to a pond built into the river network of the territory.

Source: Forestry Dictionary (Spanish Society of Forestry Sciences) and own.